|1. Act promptly,
but not hastily.
Examine the injured person carefully and quickly from
head to toe. Look for breathing obstructions, bleeding,
and broken bones. Call doctor or ambulance immediately
or have someone else do it if you are busy with the
mouth-to-mouth resuscitation if breathing has
stopped. Learn this method now - before an
emergency arises. Take a Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation
(CPR) course from your American Heart Association. Be
3. Stop the
bleeding. A snug bandage or a pressure dressing
will usually check bleeding. If not, press firmly at the
point that cuts off blood flow to the injured area of
the body. Use direct pressure - not a tourniquet.
4. Look for shock-
face drained of color, skin cold and moist, rapid, weak
pulse, and fainting. Wrap victim in blankets or
clothing; make him lie down, unless doing so will make
other injuries worse, and try to calm him. Call an
5. Give aid at
once in poisonings. Get medical help, but do not
wait to start first aid! If the poison container is
nearby, follow directions on label. Otherwise, give
victim egg white beaten in water, milk, or plain water
to dilute poison. If poison was not a corrosive or a
petroleum product like kerosene, give syrup of ipecac to
make victim vomit. Nationwide Poison Center:
6. Handle with
care. A person with suspected neck or back
injuries should not be moved until an ambulance, rescue
personnel, or experienced person is on the scene. If you
must move the victim, use a stretcher or make one with
blankets, a board, or a ladder padded with clothing.
Usually, it is best to wait for the ambulance.
7. Splint broken
bones. A splint can be made with almost any firm
object - an umbrella, a broomstick, even a
tightly-rolled newspaper. Splints should be long enough
to reach well beyond the joints above and below the
result from heat (thermal) or chemicals. For small
thermal burns, if skin is unbroken, place burned area in
cool water. Cover large burns with plain, clean cloth.
For chemical burns, flush with water. All except minor
burns should be seen be a doctor to prevent shock or
9. Bandage wounds
to help protect against infection, reduce bleeding, and
lessen pain. The wound should be covered with a sterile
dressing before the bandage is applied.